Tuning and modifying the N55

"Thanks for reading our N55 tuning guide"

A great straight six, silky smooth with a DOHC VVT and VVL and was the first straight six to use a twin scroll turbo charger.

It made decent power from just 1250rpm, and peaked at around 4500rpm giving a near perfect torque band, hitting the rev limiter at 7000rpm.

Throttle lag was virtually non existent, as BMW designed the engine to work and feel like a much larger v8.

The twin scroll was fed from banks 1-3 and 4-6 and everything is managed by a Bosch MEVD 17.2 ECU.

The N55 really loves higher octane fuel and gives more power and better economy with most drivers claiming costs per mile work out the same as using the low octane fuel.

History, Power & Specs of the N55 Engine

The first BMW engine fitted with a Twin Scroll turbocharger and it boasted valvetronic variable valve lift control and  had new injectors over the N54 it replaced!

Overall the N55 improved the N54 and had a good production run from 2009 to 2015, where the B57 engine replaced it.

Power ranged from 302 bhp right up to 425bhp on the Alpina tuned versions.

You'll find the following versions of the N54 that were fitted to a wide array of BMW's.


  • 2009–2017 F10/F11/F07 535i
  • 2010-2013 E90/E91/E92/E93 335i
  • 2010-2013 E82/E88 135i
  • 2010–2017 F25 X3 xDrive35i
  • 2011-2013 E70 X5 xDrive 35i
  • 2011–2015 F30/F31 335i
  • 2011–2014 E71 X6 xDrive 35i
  • 2012–2015 E84 X1 xDrive35i
  • 2013–2016 F32/F33/F36 435i
  • 2014–2018 F15 X5 xDrive 35i
  • 2014–2019 F16 X6 xDrive35i
  • 2014–2016 F26 X4 xDrive 35i

Alpina BiTurbo

  • 2013–2017 Alpina F30 B3 Bi-Turbo
  • 2013–2017 Alpina F33/F34 B4 Bi-Turbo
  • 2017– Alpina F30/F31 B3 S Bi-Turbo
  • 2017– Alpina F32/F33 B4 S Bi-Turbo
  • 2018– Alpina F32/F33 B4 S Bi-Turbo Edition 99


  • 2011–2018 F06/F12/F13 640i
  • 2012–2013 E82/E88 135is
  • 2012–2015 F20/F21 M135i
  • 2012–2015 F01 740i/Li


  • 2013–2016 F22/F23 M235i
  • 2015–2016 F20/F21 M135i LCI


  • 2013–2015 F30 ActiveHybrid 3


  • 2015–2018 F26 X4 M40i — 265 kW (355 bhp)
  • 2016–2018 F87 M2 — 272 kW (365 bhp)

Best N55 Upgrades & Mods

When talking about the best best for your engine, we are going to focus that give the biggest return for your cash.

Altering your camshaft will make a dramatic difference to the engine bhp. Choosing a higher performance camshaft profile raises the bhp accordingly.

Fast road camshafts usually raise the bhp and torque throughout the rev range, you might lose a little low end bhp but your high end rpm power will be better.

Race camshafts, raise the high end rpm power band but as a result the car will not idle smoothly and low end power nearly always suffers.

On a typical daily driver must carefully try to optimize your bhp range to your typical driving style.

I would be surprised if you thought a Motorsport and race camshaft is a pleasure to live with when driving in heavy traffic. The low end idle will be very lumpy and irregular, so something you would notice on a track when you drive in the upper third of the rpm band, but on roads this is a serious issue and we've heard from lots of drivers lamenting their decision to add an extreme competition cam profile to their engine.

Each engine responds better to more or less aggressive cam durations so set your engine up on a rolling road.

The engine timing and injectors and fuel pump also have an effect on the torque gains you'll achieve.

Extending exhaust or intake durations can alter the torque band and on most engines the exhaust and intake durations do not need to match, although most cams and tuners use matched pairs there are some advantages to extending the intake or exhaust durations.

Typical stage 1 mods often include: Intake headers, Panel air filters, Fast road camshaft, Sports exhaust manifold, Remaps, .

Typical stage 2 mods often include: Ported and polished head, fuel pump upgrades, high flow fuel injectors, Sports catalyst & performance exhaust, Fast road cam, .

Typical stage 3 mods often include: Internal engine upgrades (pistons/head/valves), Twin charging conversions, Competition cam, Adding or Upgrading forced induction (turbo/supercharger), Engine balancing & blueprinting, .

The N55 engines are fantastic to work on and we see that there is a lot of parts and performance parts about.

Remaps helps unlock the full potential of all the parts you've fitted to your N55.

(In some cases, as the factory ECU is locked flashing is not an option, so an aftermarket ECU is the route to take, and many of these will outperform factory ECU's but make sure it has knock protection and that you get it setup properly.)

It will usually give you around 30% more power on turbocharged vehicles and 15% on NASP engines, but you mileage will vary depending on the parts you've done and the condition of your engine.

Pushing air into your is the whole point to any engine performance tuning task.

Headers carry the air from the air cleaner and allow it to be sucked into the engine and mixed with fuel.

The size of bore and shape and flow characteristics of the Headers can make a noticeable change to fuel atomisation and engine efficiency on the N55.

Commonly we find the headers are begging for aftermarket tuning parts, although some car makers provide fairly well optimized headers.

Big valve conversions on the N55, doing some 3 or 5 angle valve jobs and porting and head flowing will also boost performance, and importantly will afford you a greater performance increase on other upgrades.

N55 Turbo upgrades

The more air to get into an engine, the more fuel it can burn and uprating the induction with a turbocharger upgrade makes massive power gains.

NASP engines need quite a lot of work when you add a turbo, so we have a separate guide to help you take into account the pros and cons of going this route on your N55

When a car has forced induction parts are going to make more power and you'll see that turbo charged engines already contain uprated components.

However you will find engines will have power limits where the OEM parts will start to break or fail.

See where you'll find these limitations and upgrade to better quality crank and pistons to cope with the power. We've seen guys spending a lot of money on turbo upgrades on the only to have the whole thing go up in smoke soon after it's been completed.

Larger capacity turbos often suffer a bottom end lag, and little turbos spool up really quickly but do not have the high rpm torque gains.

Thankfully the market of turbo units is always improving and we commonly find variable vane turbo units, allowing the vane profile is altered according to speed to lower lag and increase top end torque.

Twin scroll turbo units divert the exhaust flow into two channels and direct these at differently angled vanes in the turbocharger. They also increase the scavenging effect of the engine.

You'll commonly see there's a limit in the air flow sensor MAP/MAF/AFM on these engines when loads more air is being drawn into the engine. Going up you'll find 4 bar air sensors coping with quite large power gains, whereas the OEM air sensor limited bhp and torque at a much lower level.

Adding a supercharger or additional turbo will make large bhp and torque gains, although more complex to install. We have a twincharger bhp and torque adding guide if you want to read more.


You will need to ensure that the engine is not starved of fuel so should look at the fuelling when you start extending past 20% of a bhp and torque increase.

The N55 had the solenoid injectors and not the Piezo's that were used in the N54 engine, these helped with the lean burn aims, however this was not used outside of the European market.

We strongly recommend you to be generous with your injectors flow rate. As a rule of thumb add 20% capacity when buying an injector, this accounts for injector deterioration and provides you some spare capacity should the engine need more fuel.

N55 Exhaust

Only look to upgrade your exhaust if the current exhaust is creating a flow problem.

The N55 has a well designed exhaust manifold that helps reduce throttle lag and back pressure, working really well with the twin scroll turbo.

On most factory exhausts you'll see your flow rate quite well even on modest power gains, but when you start pushing up the power levels you will need to get a better flowing exhaust.

Don't go with the widest exhaust you can buy this will slow the exhaust rate - the best for power gains are usually between 1.5 to 2.5 inches. It is the shape and material more than the bore size.

Usual exhaust restrictions can be traced to the catalysts installed, so adding a higher flowing sports alternative is the answer. This keeps the car road legal and will flow much better due to it's higher internal surface area and design, so has the added benefit of keeping your car road legal. The alternative decat should be considered an off road only mod, as removing a catalyst is illegal in most territories and regions for road registered cars..

Weakspots and problem areas on the N55

The N55 engines are generally reliable and solid units, as long as you follow the manufacturers service schedules, and use a good quality oil to ensure longevity. Few problems should happen as long as they are regularly serviced and maintained.

Carbon build up in the head, particularly around the valves which will sap power or create flat spots, this is a larger issue on direct injection engines but should be looked out for on all engines. We have tips on removing carbon build up.

Some of our members have had issues with flat spots or glitches after applying mods and upgrades or tuning, this is not usually related to the design of this engine, so instead see our article on diagnosing flat spots and problems after tuning which should help you get the bottom of this issue.

Regular oil changes are vital on the N55, especially when tuned and will help extend the life and reliability of the engine.

Oil consumption issues have been noted, due to a PCV crank case valve.

Injector failure can cause a misfire, and vibration, and we recommend these are replaced every 50,000 miles.

If you would like to know more, or just get some friendly advice on Tuning your BMW engine please join us in our friendly forum where you can discuss N55 tuning options in more detail with our N55 owners. It would also be worth reading our unbiased BMW tuning articles to get a full grasp of the benefits and drawbacks of each modification.

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